url of this page: http://www.passingdb.com/patterns.php?id=10

Understanding the diagrams

For most passing patterns I present in this web site, the diagrams are normally sufficient to understand what happens. Here are the rules for reading them (with examples). And if there are still some unclear patterns, please let me know (if I made a mistake I'll correct it, otherwise I'll try to be clearer).


A diagram represents at a given moment the positions (seen from above) of the jugglers (represented by letters), as well as the passes and the movements to do at this moment. On the diagram opposite (top), there are 4 jugglers ( A, B, E, and F).
The passes are represented by black arrows. Usually (top diagram), we can even see from which hand they are thrown and to which hand (here the passes are from "right hand" to "left hand"). If it is not the case (bottom diagram), further explanations will be given (but it's often a 2 or 4-count).
Very often, to be clearer, selfs throws are not represented (top diagram).Otherwise, they are represented by an arrow which comes back to the juggler (see D on the bottom diagram).
Only the beats on which there is at least a pass are represented. For example, for a 4-count passing, the diagrams show the beats 0, 4, 8, ...So sometimes it is better to see the other explanations precising the rhythm to understand everything.
The passes done above the shoulder may be drawn in the same way than the others (M to C on the bottom diagram). But they are mentioned in the explanations given with the diagrams.
It is generally conventional (apart from an explicite back-to-back passing) that a juggler is in front of the one who throws passes to him. In a few cases, orientation is represented by a black line. ( see the line).

Optional passes

It is possible to add passes for a passing, for example when 2 jugglers (almost face to face) are doing selfs in the same beat. These passes are represented in blue. The advantage is to see and understand easily simple variations (when it is not worth doing another diagram).On the opposite diagram, E and F can either do a pass or do their self with the right hand.

Moving ( dynamic passing)

The movements are represented by red arrows which show where the juggler has to move after the passes. They also show sometimes from where the juggler is coming.
The juggler has then to make a pass, then to move and keep juggling, in order to be where they have to be on the next diagram.
When movements are made above a well-known geometrical shape (see the circle opposite), these shapes appear on the diagrams.